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Journal Article


Naija S, Yacoub A, Barhoumi M, Akkeri K, Chebbi G. Ann. Chir. Plast. Esthet. 2021; ePub(ePub): ePub.


(Copyright © 2021, Elsevier Publishing)






INTRODUCTION: Ballistic trauma of the face has aroused growing interest since the proliferation of conflicts in the world and particularly in the fight against terrorism. Their polymorphous and disfiguring character, their particular evolution and prognosis due to the ballistic aetiology, differentiate them from classic maxillofacial trauma. Tunisia did not escape this scourge after the revolution of 2011, and must therefore face the challenge of ballistic trauma in general and of the face in particular.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a descriptive retrospective study on 30 patients who were victims of ballistic trauma of the face in the otolaryngology and maxillofacial surgery and ophthalmology departments of the Main Military Hospital of Tunis during the period from January 2011 to April 2018. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of these traumas in Tunisia after the revolution, and to assess their clinical and therapeutic aspects.

RESULTS: Our results showed a clear upward trend in these traumas, mainly caused by the opposition of our armed forces to the terrorist threat. The discussion of our results was therefore descriptive, comparing them to the literature.

CONCLUSION: Currently, it is imperative to develop a strategy for precise and effective management of ballistic trauma of the face due to the increase of armed conflicts, attacks and terrorist acts. Likewise, technological advances to develop soldier protection systems must be implemented.

Language: fr


Trauma; Face; Balistique; Ballistic; Traumatisme


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