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Journal Article

Citation

Stewart J. Ann. Sci. 2020; 77(2): 155-168.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2020, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

10.1080/00033790.2020.1738747

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

The Scottish Enlightenment has long been identified with abolitionism because of the writings of the moral and economic philosophers and the absence of slaves in Scotland itself. However, Scots were disproportionately represented in the ownership, management, and especially medical treatment of slaves in the British Caribbean. Sugar and cotton flowed into Glasgow and young, educated Scots looking for work as traders, bookkeepers, doctors made the return trip back to the Caribbean to manage the plantations. Chemically trained doctors and agriculturalists tested their theories in the plantations and developed new theories based on their experimentation on the land and slaves. In foregrounding the participation of Scottish trained chemists in the practice of slavery, I argue that the development of eighteenth-century chemistry and the broader intellectual Enlightenment were inextricably entangled with the economic Improvement Movement and the colonial economy of the British slave trade.

Keywords: Human trafficking;


Language: en

Keywords

Atlantic history; history of chemistry; Scottish Enlightenment; slavery

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