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Journal Article

Citation

Caccese JB, Johns KE, Langdon JL, Shaver GW, Buckley TA. Res. Sports Med. 2019; ePub(ePub): 1-6.

Affiliation

Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology and Interdisciplinary Biomechanics and Movement Science Program , University of Delaware , Newark , GA , USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

10.1080/15438627.2019.1641500

PMID

31287331

Abstract

The purpose was to determine differences in pre-season baseline performance between student-athletes who suffered a future sport-related concussion (fSRC) and those who did not. Collegiate student-athletes (82 fSRC, 82 matched control, age = 18.4 ± 0.8years, height = 172.7 ± 10.3 cm, mass = 80.1 ± 20.9 kg) completed baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT), Balance Error Scoring System (BESS), and Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC).

RESULTS of the independent t-tests suggested there were no differences between the fSRC and the control groups for ImPACT composite scores (95% confidence intervals, Visual Memory: fSRC 70.4-75.9, Control 73.4-78.5, p = 0.134; Verbal Memory: fSRC 83.8-87.7, Control 85.7-89.9, p = 0.155; Reaction Time: fSRC 0.562-0.591, Control 0.580-0.614, p = 0.071; Visual Motor Speed: fSRC 38.5-41.1, Control 38.2-40.9, p = 0.757), BESS total errors (fSRC 11.3-13.7, Control 11.8-14.4, p = 0.483), or SAC (fSRC 26.6-27.4, Control 26.9-27.6, p = 0.394). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) areas-under-the-curve were 0.417-0.515. Our findings suggest that baseline concussion assessments cannot be used to predict individuals who may sustain a fSRC.


Language: en

Keywords

ImPACT; Prevention; mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI); neuromuscular control

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