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Journal Article

Citation

Chen HC, Wu KP, Yen CI, Hsiao YC, Yang SY, Yang JY, Chang SY, Chuang SS. Ann. Plast. Surg. 2019; 82(5): 512-519.

Affiliation

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)

DOI

10.1097/SAP.0000000000001928

PMID

30985342

Abstract

BACKGROUND: On June 27, 2015, a colored powder explosion occurred in Taiwan. As a result, 499 people were injured, and over 200 people were in critical condition because of severe burns. Forty-nine casualties were transported to the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital.

METHODS: We undertook a single-center retrospective observational study using clinical data for 37 patients with major burns with more than 20% total burn surface area (TBSA). We describe the experience of managing patients with acute burn injuries in these patients. Patient-specific data were analyzed and expressed as mean ± standard deviation.

RESULTS: Thirty-seven major burn patients were admitted to our hospital. The mean ± SD age was 22.5 ± 5 years. The mean ± SD TBSA was 48.9% ± 20%. All patients were stabilized within 6 hours after admission, and no patient experienced hypothermia or hypovolemia. We performed 95 debridement procedures and 88 skin grafts. A mean of 5.6 surgeries were performed for each patient. The mean ± SD hospital stay was 62 ± 32 days. The ratio for hospital days/%TBSA was 1.36, and hospital charges/hospital days ratio was US $973 a day for surviving patients. Two mortalities (2/37, 5.4%) were reported: one was related to cardiac insult, and another was caused by sepsis.

CONCLUSIONS: We share our experience in managing 37 major burn patients in a colored powder explosion to improve the holistic care in modern mass burn casualties. Aggressive early debridement and skin grafting reduced hospital stay and costs.


Language: en

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