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Journal Article

Citation

Úbeda-Colomer J, Peiró-Velert C, Devís-Devís J. Salud Publica Mex. 2018; 60(5): 539-548.

Vernacular Title

Validación de una versión reducida en español del instrumento Barriers to Physical Activity Questionnaire for People with Mobility Impairments.

Affiliation

Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva, Universitat de València. España.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica)

DOI

10.21149/8541

PMID

30550115

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To validate a short Spanish version of the instrument Barriers to Physical Activity Questionnaire for People with Mobility Impairments (BPAQ-MI), applicable to different types of disability.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was administered to 791 university students with disabilities. The factorial structure was validated by confirmatory factor analysis and Spearman correlations were carried out to assess criterion validity. Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient.

RESULTS: The proposed model showed good adjustment indexes and an excellent internal consistency (α= 0.920). Negative relationships emerged between the experienced barriers and time spent in physical activity.

CONCLUSIONS: The short Spanish version of the BPAQ-MI proves to be a valid and reliable instrument to identify, from a socio-ecological perspective, the barriers to physical activity experienced by students with disabilities. The results provide valuable information to develop programs to promote physical activity in this group.


Language: es



OBJETIVO: Validar una versión reducida en español del instrumento Barriers to Physical Activity Questionnaire for People with Mobility Impairments (BPAQ-MI), aplicable a diferentes tipos de discapacidad.



MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El cuestionario fue aplicado a 791 universitarios con discapacidad. La estructura factorial se validó mediante un análisis factorial confirmatorio y, para valorar la validez criterial, se llevaron a cabo correlaciones de Spearman. La fiabilidad se evaluó mediante el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach.


RESULTADOS: El modelo propuesto reveló buenos índices de ajuste y una excelente consistencia interna (α=0.920). Surgieron relaciones negativas entre las barreras experimentadas y el tiempo de actividad física.



CONCLUSIONES: La versión reducida y en español del BPAQ-MI resulta un instrumento válido y fiable para identificar, desde un enfoque socioecológico, las barreras que los estudiantes con discapacidad experimentan para realizar actividad física. Los resultados aportan información valiosa para desarrollar programas de promoción de la actividad física en este colectivo.


Language: es

Keywords

barriers; confirmatory factor analysis; disabled persons; health promotion; motor activity; social ecological model

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