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Journal Article

Citation

Denning GM, Jennissen CA. Res. Sports Med. 2018; 26(Suppl 1): 38-56.

Affiliation

Department of Emergency Medicine , Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa , Iowa City , IA , USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

10.1080/15438627.2018.1438279

PMID

30431365

Abstract

All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) remain a significant source of death and injury among youth. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the scope of the problem, the risk factors involved, crash-related outcomes and costs, and injury prevention strategies. There are currently more than 100 pediatric ATV-related fatalities each year and over 30,000 emergency department visits, with a potential annual cost for deaths and injuries approaching $1 billion. Major risk factors include lack of training, operating adult-size ATVs, riding as or carrying passengers, riding on the road, and not wearing a helmet. Extremity injuries are highly common, and the leading causes of death include brain injuries and multi-organ trauma. The latter increasingly involves being crushed by or pinned under the ATV. Reducing ATV-related deaths and injuries will require multiple strategies that integrate approaches from education, engineering, and evidence-based safety laws and their enforcement.


Language: en

Keywords

All-terrain vehicle; crash; injury prevention; review; youth

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