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Journal Article

Citation

Smits DW, Backx F, van der Worp H, van Middelkoop M, Hartgens F, Verhagen E, Kluitenberg B, Huisstede B. Res. Sports Med. 2019; 27(1): 72-87.

Affiliation

a Department of Rehabilitation, Physical Therapy Science & Sports, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience , University Medical Center Utrecht , Utrecht , The Netherlands.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

10.1080/15438627.2018.1492399

PMID

29969569

Abstract

This study examined the criterion validity of self-reported running-related injuries (RRI) by novice runners. Fifty-eight participants (41 females; age 46 ± 11 yrs) of the "Start-to-Run" program provided self-reports on their RRIs using an online questionnaire. Subsequently, they attended injury consultations with sports medicine physicians who provided physician-reports (blinded for the self-reports) as a reference standard. Self-reports and physician-reports included information on injury location (i.e., hip/groin, upper leg, knee, lower leg, and ankle/foot) and injury type (i.e., muscle-tendon unit, joint, ligament, or bone). Sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive values were 100% for all five injury locations. For injury type, sensitivity was low (66% for muscle-tendon unit, 50% for ligament, and 40% for bone) and lowest for joint injuries (17%). In conclusion, the validity of self-reported RRIs by novice runners is good for injury locations but not for injury types. In particular for joint injuries, the validity of novice runners' self-reports is low. ABBREVIATIONS: RRI: Running Related Injury; SMC: Sports Medicine Centre; MTU: Muscle Tendon Unit; PPV: Positive Predictive Value.


Language: en

Keywords

Athletes; injury location; injury type; running; self-reports; validity

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