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Journal Article

Citation

Oaie E, Piepenstock E, Williams L. Scars Burn. Heal. 2018; 4: e2059513118765294.

Affiliation

Burns Service, Chelsea & Westminster Hospital, London, UK.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, SAGE Publishing)

DOI

10.1177/2059513118765294

PMID

29873338

PMCID

PMC5987088

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial screening of burn-injured patients is a National Burn Care Guideline and is increasingly used to identify individuals most in need of support. It can also generate data that can inform our understanding of patient reported concerns following a burn injury.

METHOD: As part of routine care, 461 patients admitted to a burns unit were screened soon after admission using a psychosocial screen designed by the service. The questionnaire included items on pre-existing social support, coping, emotional and psychological difficulties, as well as current trauma symptoms and current level of concern about changed appearance following the burn.

RESULTS: Overall, patients reported low levels of appearance concerns (mean 3.7/10) and trauma symptoms (18% reporting flashbacks) in the initial days following a burn injury. In those who did report concerns, there were some significant associations with demographic and other variables. Patients who experienced flashbacks were younger and had a larger total body surface area (TBSA) burn. Higher levels of appearance concern were associated with younger women, larger TBSA and facial burns. However, the relationships found were weak and frequently confounded by other factors.

CONCLUSION: Overall, the findings indicate that initial trauma symptoms and appearance concerns are not inevitable in this group and there is no substitute for screening in identifying who is most at risk.


Language: en

Keywords

Appearance; appearance concerns; burns; psychoeducation; psychosocial screening; screen; trauma

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