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Journal Article


Zhang X, Cheng L, Li B, Hu HM. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 2018; 27(8): 3703-3715.


(Copyright © 2018, IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers))






A major bottleneck of pedestrian detection lies on the sharp performance deterioration in the presence of small-size pedestrians that are relatively far from the camera. Motivated by the observation that pedestrians of disparate spatial scales exhibit distinct visual appearances, we propose in this paper an active pedestrian detector that explicitly operates over multiple-layer neuronal representations of the input still image. More specifically, convolutional neural nets, such as ResNet and faster R-CNNs, are exploited to provide a rich and discriminative hierarchy of feature representations, as well as initial pedestrian proposals. Here each pedestrian observation of distinct size could be best characterized in terms of the ResNet feature representation at a certain layer of the hierarchy. Meanwhile, initial pedestrian proposals are attained by the faster R-CNNs techniques, i.e., region proposal network and follow-up region of interesting pooling layer employed right after the specific ResNet convolutional layer of interest, to produce joint predictions on the bounding-box proposals' locations and categories (i.e., pedestrian or not). This is engaged as an input to our active detector, where for each initial pedestrian proposal, a sequence of coordinate transformation actions is carried out to determine its proper x-y 2D location and the layer of feature representation, or eventually terminated as being background. Empirically our approach is demonstrated to produce overall lower detection errors on widely used benchmarks, and it works particularly well with far-scale pedestrians. For example, compared with 60.51% log-average miss rate of the state-of-the-art MS-CNN for far-scale pedestrians (those below 80 pixels in bounding-box height) of the Caltech benchmark, the miss rate of our approach is 41.85%, with a notable reduction of 18.66%.

Language: en


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