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Journal Article

Citation

Al-Asmari A, Manthiri RA, Abdo N, Al-Duaiji FA, Khan HA. Saudi J. Biol. Sci. 2017; 24(6): 1204-1211.

Affiliation

Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2017, Saudi Biological Society)

DOI

10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.10.010

PMID

28855813

PMCID

PMC5562475

Abstract

Scorpion sting envenoming poses major public health problems. The treatment modalities include antivenoms, chemical antidotes and phytotherapy, with varying degrees of effectiveness and side effects. In this investigation, we reviewed the use of Saudi medicinal plants for the treatment of scorpion sting patients. The relevant literature was collected using the online search engines including Science Direct, Google and PubMed with the help of specific keywords. We also used the printed and online resources at our institutional library to gather the relevant information on the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of scorpion sting patients. A descriptive statistics was used for data compilation and presentation. The results of this survey showed the use of at least 92 medicinal plants with beneficial effects for treating victims of stings of different scorpion species. These commonly used herbs spanned to 37 families whilst different parts of these plants were employed therapeutically for alleviation of envenomation symptoms. The application of leaves (41%) was preferred followed by roots (19%), whole plant (14%) and seeds (9%). The use of latex (4%), stem (3%), flowers (3%) and bark (3%) was also reported. In some cases, tannin (2%), rhizome (1%) and shoot (1%) were also used. In conclusion, herbal medicines are effectively used for the treatment of patients with scorpion envenomation. This type of medication is free from side effects as observed with chemical antidotes or antivenom therapy. It is important to identify the active ingredients of herbal drugs for improving their therapeutic potential in traditional medicine.


Language: en

Keywords

Anti-venom; Medicinal plants; Scorpion; Traditional medicine

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