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Journal Article

Citation

Akbar U, Ashizawa T. Neurol. Clin. 2015; 33(1): 225-248.

Affiliation

Department of Neurology, Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration College of Medicine, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, 1149 South Newell Drive, L3-100, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. Electronic address: tetsuo.ashizawa@neurology.ufl.edu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2015, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.ncl.2014.09.004

PMID

25432731

Abstract

Ataxia is a disorder of balance and coordination resulted from dysfunctions involving cerebellum and its afferent and efferent connections. While a variety of disorders can cause secondary ataxias, the list of genetic causes of ataxias is growing longer. Genetic abnormalities may involve mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, abnormal mechanisms of DNA repair, possible protein misfolding, and abnormalities in cytoskeletal proteins. Few ataxias are fully treatable while hope for efficacious gene therapy and pharmacotherapy is emerging. A discussion of the ataxias is presented here with brief mention of acquired ataxias, and a greater focus on inherited ataxias.


Language: en

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