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Journal Article


Matschke RG, Pösselt C, Veit I, Andresen U. Laryngorhinootologie 1989; 68(2): 101-109.

Vernacular Title

Elektronische Lärmkompensation zur Verbesserung des Sprachverständnisses bei Luftfahrzeugführern.


HNO-Abteilung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum am Prosper-Hospital Recklinghausen.


(Copyright © 1989, Georg Thieme Verlag)






Noise exposure measurements were performed in pilots of the Federal Navy during realistic flight situations. The ambient noise levels during regular flight service were maintained at levels nearly all the time above 90 dB. To avoid occupational hearing loss, the "Noise Injury Prevention Code" issued by the insurers would demand wearing personal ear protection, e.g. ear plugs. But such equipment in the aircraft cockpit would have precisely the opposite effect, because one of the reasons for possible damage to hearing is radio communication. To be able to understand radio traffic in spite of the noisy environment, headphone volume must be raised above the noise of the engines. The use of ear plugs can be of only limited value. Whereas pilots with normal hearing show only little impairment of speech intelligibility, those with noise-induced hearing loss show substantial impairment that varies in proportion to their hearing loss. Communication abilities may be drastically reduced which may compromise the reliability of radio traffic. Cockpit noise has its maximum intensity around 125 Hz and flight helmets and ear defenders are not very effective in low frequency ranges. Sennheiser electronic KG developed an active noise compensation circuit, which makes use of the "anti noise" principle. Here the outside noises picked up by two microphones integrated into the headset are processed electronically in such a way that they largely neutralise the original noise. It had to be made sure that the radio traffic signal was not also compensated and that the signal to noise ratio was clearly increased.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Language: de


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