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Journal Article


Sivak M, Flannagan MJ, Traube EC, Battle DS, Sato T. Light. Res. Tech. 1994; 26(4): 181-188.


(Copyright © 1994, SAGE Publishing)






This study evaluated subjects' impressions of performance of high-intensity discharge (HID) headlamps after in-traffic experience, with an emphasis on colour appearance of red stop signs. In the first of two tasks, subjects drove (or rode) for half an hour on a variety of roads in a car equipped with either HID or tungsten-halogen low-beam headlamps. Instructions did not mention colour appearance. The second task involved a direct comparison of HID and tungsten-halogen headlamps. In this task, subjects drove (or rode) twice along a 7-minute route in a residential area, and they were instructed to pay attention to the colour appearance of stop signs and other objects. The main finding from Task 1 is that subjects who experienced HID headlamps did not report more (or fewer) spontaneous negative comments on colour appearance of stop signs or other objects than did subjects who experienced tungsten-halogen headlamps. Furthermore, the evaluations of the overall performances of the two types of headlamps were not different. In the direct comparison of Task 2 there was no evidence of problems with colour appearance when using HID headlamps. Moreover, subjects preferred HID headlamps in terms of the overall performance, and in making stop signs and other objects stand out from their background. However, this preference for HID headlamps was present only for subjects who had the relatively extended exposure to the HID headlamps in Task 1. The present results provide no evidence for problems with colour appearance of stop signs and other objects when using HID headlamps. Furthermore, the study provides evidence that observers perceive HID headlamps as helping stop signs and other objects to stand out from their background. The results imply that given a somewhat extended exposure to HID headlamps, drivers would prefer them over current tungsten-halogen headlamps.

Language: en


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