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Journal Article

Citation

Basil M, Basil D, Deshpande S, Lavack AM. Health Commun. 2013; 28(1): 29-39.

Affiliation

Faculty of Management , University of Lethbridge.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Informa Healthcare)

DOI

10.1080/10410236.2012.708632

PMID

23330856

Abstract

The extended parallel process model (EPPM) proposes fear appeals are most effective when they combine threat and efficacy. Three studies conducted in the workplace safety context examine the use of various EPPM factors and their effects, especially multiplicative effects. Study 1 was a content analysis examining the use of EPPM factors in actual workplace safety messages. Study 2 experimentally tested these messages with 212 construction trainees. Study 3 replicated this experiment with 1,802 men across four English-speaking countries-Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The results of these three studies (1) demonstrate the inconsistent use of EPPM components in real-world work safety communications, (2) support the necessity of self-efficacy for the effective use of threat, (3) show a multiplicative effect where communication effectiveness is maximized when all model components are present (severity, susceptibility, and efficacy), and (4) validate these findings with gory appeals across four English-speaking countries.


Language: en

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