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Journal Article


Bouillon B, Neugebauer E. Langenbecks Arch. Surg. 1998; 383(3-4): 228-234.


Surgical Clinic and II. Department of Surgery, University of Cologne, Germany.


(Copyright © 1998, Holtzbrinck Springer Nature Publishing Group)






BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Outcome refers to the different facets of consequences resulting from an event or intervention. These consequences may be relevant for an individual patient, but also for society. There is a growing recognition that clinical research needs to define and focus on the outcomes of medical care. Outcome research should help health care professionals to better evaluate the effectiveness of specific interventions or a therapeutic concept. This broader base of evidence should then benefit the patients. METHODS: The literature was reviewed with respect to concepts of outcome research as well as results of outcome research after major trauma. RESULTS: Measuring outcome might be relevant for research purposes as well as in daily surgical practice. In the past, clinical research in trauma care has tended to focus on survival. Mortality rates are not out, complication rates are not out, but their value is limited and restricted to given scenarios with high mortality rates. New outcomes have to be added: such a functional status, emotional health, social interaction, cognitive function, degree of disability and other indicators of health. CONCLUSION: Despite differences in injury pattern and severity of injury, there is strong evidence from the literature that the quality of life is significantly impaired after major trauma. This is true for functional outcome as well as for psycho-social outcome in up to 70% of patients.

Language: en


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