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Journal Article

Citation

Bazargan-Hejazi S, Ani C, Gaines T, Ahmadi A, Bazargan M. Arch. Iran. Med. 2010; 13(4): 324-332.

Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA, USA.Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.ahmadiar1012@yhaoo.com.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2010, Academy of Medical Sciences of I.R. Iran)

DOI

010134/AIM.0013

PMID

20597567

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To examine the association between alcohol misuse and depression symptoms as it varies among male and female patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 412 randomly selected adult patients who sought care in the emergency department. The main predictor variables of alcohol misuse were created from AUDIT, RAPS4, binge drinking, alcohol abuse, and alcohol dependence measures. The outcome variable of depression symptoms was measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D, >/=16). RESULTS: There were 41% of women and 35% of men who reported greater depression and 34.1% of men and 9.2% of women reported alcohol misuse. Alcohol misuse, stress, and education level all correlated with greater depression in men whereas age was most significant for women. Men who misused alcohol were 2.5 times more likely to report greater depression (OR=2.47, 95%CI=1.37 - 4.45, P

Language: en

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