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May 15-19, 2000

(1) Ellis HM, Nelson B, Cosby O, Morgan L, Haliburton W, Dew P. Achieving a credible health and safety approach to increasing seat belt use among African Americans. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 2000; 11(2):144-150.

Abstract: African American youth are 60% less likely than children from other racial or ethnic backgrounds to be buckled up. Seat belt use among African American males has largely remained stagnant while that for other groups has increased. This paper proposes a number of possible solutions, including: recognition of the role that health care providers play in shaping patient or consumer attitudes and subsequent behavior in terms of prevention of disease and injury, educating physicians and health care providers to routinely recommend seat belt use especially for children, culturally appropriate educational safety programs, an improved relationship between law enforcement and communities, and zero tolerance for nonuse of seat belts. (E.52.02.02 S)

(2) Working with the Media. Youth in Action [14], 1-8. 2000.

Abstract: This bulletin provides specific steps that can be taken to get started in working with the media to prevent crime in a local community and to develop a productive partnership. (E.10.22 S)

(3) Making the Most of Your Presentation. Youth in Action [13], 1-8. 2000.

Abstract: This bulletin provides step by step techniques and proven methods of planning and conducting an effective presentation that will capture an audience's interest and motivate them to help implement a plan of action. (E.19.04 S)

(4) Coker AL, Smith PH, Bethea L, King MR, McKeown RE. Physical health consequences of physical and psychological intimate partner violence. Archives of Family Medicine 2000; 9:451-457.

Abstract: This study compared the incidence of physical health consequences related to psychological intimate partner violence with those associated with physical IPV. Psychological IPV was as strongly associated with the majority of adverse health outcomes as was physical IPV. The authors suggest that clinicians should screen for psychological forms of IPV as well as physical and sexual IPV. (E.82.02 S)

(5) Fein JA, Ginsburg KR, McGrath ME, Shofer FS, Flamma JC, Datner EM. Violence prevention in the emergency department: Clinician attitudes and limitations. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2000; 154:495-498.

Abstract: This paper assessed emergency department clinicians' attitudes and behaviors regarding identification, assessment, and intervention for youth at risk for violence in the ED. Results showed that clinicians are able to identify youth at risk for violence, but less often perform risk assessment to guide patients to appropriate follow-up resources. (E.76 S)

(6) Flaherty EG, Sege R, Binns HJ, Mattson CL, Christoffel KK. Health care providers' experience reporting child abuse in the primary care setting. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2000; 154:489-493.

Abstract: Primary care providers were found to report most, but not all, cases of suspected child abuse that they identify. Past negative experience with CPS and perceived lack of benefit to the child were common reasons given by providers for not reporting. Education increases the probability that providers will report suspected abuse. (E.80.02 S)

(7) Kerker BD, Horwitz SM, Leventhal JM, Plichta S, Leaf PJ. Identification of violence in the home: Pediatric and parental reports. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2000; 154:457-462.

Abstract: This study compared the rates of domestic violence reported by mothers with those identified by physicians, compared the rates of harsh discipline practices reported by mothers with the rates of abuse identified by physicians, and examined the relationship between reported domestic violence and harsh discipline practices. Results showed that parents report more cases of violence than pediatricians detect. The authors recommend that pediatricians ask parents directly about domestic violence and harsh discipline. (E.82 S)

(8) Scheidt PC, Overpeck MD, Trifiletti LB, Cheng T. Child and adolescent injury research in 1998: A summary of abstracts submitted to the Ambulatory Pediatrics Association and the American Public Health Association. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2000; 154:442-445.

Abstract: This paper describes the current research in child and adolescent injury prevention by pediatric and public health investigators for comparison with national recommendations and agendas. Injury prevention research projects presented at the 1998 Pediatric Academic Societies and American Public Health Association meetings were proportionate to the frequencies of injury by age and by external cause. However, in comparison with recommendations for agendas of national injury prevention research, more research is needed to improve injury prevention methods and to evaluate interventions. (E.45.02 S)

(9) Moody-Williams JD, Athey JL, Barlow B, Blanton D, Garrison H, Mickalide A et al. Injury prevention and emergency medical services for children in a managed care environment. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2000; 35(3):245-251.

Abstract: This article continues the white paper series by the Emergency Medical Services for Children Managed Care Task Force. Pediatric injuries become an important issue for managed care organizations because of concerns for member safety and increasing medical costs related to treatment. Because effective prevention decreases health care consumption, injury prevention often costs less than treating injuries. Simple devices, such as bicycle helmets, smoke detectors, and child safety seats help keep children safe and save money. Appropriate emergency care at the scene of an injury, poison control centers that dispense expert advice over the telephone, and triaged regional trauma systems improve the outcome and save money. (E.10.18 S)

(10) Does Your Youth Program Work? Youth in Action [17], 1-5. 

Abstract: By providing the key components of effective evaluations, the bulletin helps community agencies measure how well they have implemented their youth programs and whether the programs have had the intended impact. (E.07.02 S)

(11) U.S.Department of Labor. Lost worktime injuries and illnesses: Characteristics and resulting time away from work, 1998. USDL 00-115. 4-20-2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Abstract: This report looks at the distribution and incidence rate of injuries in 1998 that resulted in at least one day away from work. Worker and case characteristics are described.

(12) State and Territorial Injury Prevention Directors' Association. STIPDA Newsletter.  V.6(5); Spring 2000. (Newsletter files)

(13) Mack MG, Thompson D, Hudson S. Playground injuries in the 90s. Parks and Recreation 1998; 33(4):88-95.

Abstract: This article reviews playground injury statistics over a 6 year period in an attempt to provide a broader, more complete picture of how and where children are being injured on playgrounds. It discusses injuries by child characteristics, equipment characteristics, place and time of injury, and other factors. (E.60.08 S)

(14) Chalmers DJ, Marshall SW, Langley JD, Evans MJ, Brunton CR, Kelly AM et al. Height and surfacing as risk factors for injury in falls from playground equipment: A case control study. Injury Prevention 1996; 2:98-104.

Abstract: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the height and surfacing requirements of the New Zealand standard for playgrounds and playground equipment. Results indicated that falls from heights in excess of 1.5m increased the risk of injury 4.1 times over that of falls of 1.5m or less. It was estimated that a 45% reduction in children attending emergency departments could be achieved if the maximum fall height was lowered to 1.5m. (E.60.08 S)

(15) Waller PF, Olk ML, Shope JT. Parental views of and experience with Michigan's graduated licensing program. Journal of Safety Research 2000; 31(1):9-15.

Abstract: In 1997, Michigan became the first jurisdiction to enact a Graduated Driver Licensing program that required certification by a responsible adult that a young driver had received at least 50 hours of supervised practice, with a minimum of 10 hours practice at night. Policy makers were reluctant to place such requirements on parents. This report describes results from a survey of parents of young drivers who had completed the supervised driving requirement. On the whole, parents were extremely positive about the new program, reporting an average of 75 hours of supervised driving. (E.52.04.04 S)

(16) Robitaille Y, Laforest S, Lesage D, Dorval D. Search for a simple means to identify dangerous surfaces under play equipment. Journal of Safety Research 2000; 31(1):29-34.

Abstract: The instrument used to measure the capacity of material under playground equipment that absorbs impact caused by a child falling on it is expensive and impractical when carrying out field experiments. This study compares results obtained by simple observation with those obtained from using such a device. Where resources are scarce, the height of equipment and an obviously hard packed surface are useful factors for identifying surfaces requiring more immediate attention. (E.60.08 S)

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