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Journal Article


Rejeb MB, Daldoul M, Ben Cheikh A, Tabka F, Ayachi S, Khochtali H. Ann. Chir. Plast. Esthet. 2021; ePub(ePub): ePub.


(Copyright © 2021, Elsevier Publishing)






INTRODUCTION: On January 2011, Tunisia had known a revolution. To move from dictatorship to democraty project, the country suddenly fell into political instability, which was accompanied by a wave of social violence. Traumatology, and, particularly, maxilla-facial traumatology, is usually a reliable indicator of the degree of violence.

AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the epidemiological profile of facial fractures during the various phases of political transition through which Tunisia has passed since revolution (2012-2016).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among all patients with facial fractures admitted to the department of Oral and Maxillo facial Surgery of University Hospital of Sahloul during five years (2012-2016). Fractures diagnosed late at the sequelae stage were excluded. Data of patients were recorded according to medical files, including cause of injury, age and gender, injury mechanisms and type of facial fracture.

RESULTS: During the period of the study, a total of 476 patients were identified, with a sex-ratio of 7.2 to 1, patients ranged in age from 1 year to 76-years-old with a mean age of 27 years. Assaults were the most common cause of injury (39.1%). Mandible was fractured in 257 cases (54.2%) followed by zygoma (116 cases, 24.4%), nasal bone (99 cases, 20.8%) and Orbital walls (98 cases, 20.6%).

DISCUSSION: The epidemiological profile of facial fractures in Tunisia has been changed since 2011. Facial fractures occur mainly after assaults, which are an indicator of increased social violence accompanying political instability present in our country.

Language: en


Trauma; Épidémiologie des fractures faciales; Facial fractures epidemiology; Fractures maxillofaciales; Maxillo-facial fractures; Social violence; Traumatisme; Violence sociale


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