We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article


Sivak M, Flannagan MJ, Gellatly AW. Light. Res. Tech. 1993; 25(1): 31-36.


(Copyright © 1993, SAGE Publishing)






The amount of light reflected from a retroreflective traffic sign decreases with an increase in the observation angle--the angle between the headlamp, the sign, and the eyes of the driver. Mainly because of the increased seated eye height of truck drivers, the actual observation angles are greater for them than they are for car drivers. Consequently, there is concern about the impaired night-time detection and legibility of retroreflective signs for truck drivers. The present study evaluated the relative amount of light reaching drivers of different types of vehicle by using survey data collected in 1989 by the Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL) in England. The TRRL data included driver eye heights and headlamp mounting heights for 445 vehicles. The present analysis considered three sign locations on a straight roadway: left shoulder, centre, and right shoulder. Two viewing distances were included: 152 m (500 feet) (typical of a sign-legibility distance), and 305 m (1000 feet) (typical of a sign-detection distance). The analysis considered both the differential amount of illumination impinging on the signs from headlamps of trucks and cars, as well as the differential amount of the light reflected from the signs in the direction of truck drivers and car drivers. The main results are that for the viewing distance of 152 m, the amount of light reaching a truck driver can be as low as 25% of the light reaching a car driver; the corresponding percentages for the viewing distance of 305 m are as low as 68%. These reductions were then related to the expected effects on sign legibility and detection. The results imply that the increased eye height of truck drivers could have a major effect on the legibility of retroreflective traffic signs, but only a modest effect on their detection.

Language: en


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley